Implementation of hierarchical control in DC microgrids

TitleImplementation of hierarchical control in DC microgrids
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJin C, Wang P, Xiao J, Tang Y, Choo FHoong
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
KeywordsBattery energy storage, dc microgrid, hierarchical control, photovoltaic (PV) system, voltage regulation
AbstractDC microgrids are becoming popular in low-voltage distribution systems due to the better compatibility with photovoltaic panels, electric vehicles, and DC loads. This paper presents a practical dc microgrid developed in the Water and Energy Research Laboratory (WERL) in the Nanyang University of Technology, Singapore. The coordination control among multiple dc sources and energy storages is implemented using a novel hierarchical control technique. The bus voltage essentially acts as an indicator of supply-demand balance. A wireless control is implemented for the reliable operation of the grid. A reasonable compromise between the maximum power harvest and effective battery management is further enhanced using the coordination control based on a central energy management system. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed control strategies have been tested by a DC microgrid in WERL.