Low-voltage bipolar-type dc microgrid for super high quality distribution

TitleLow-voltage bipolar-type dc microgrid for super high quality distribution
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKakigano H, Miura Y, Ise T
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Keywordsdc microgrid, distributed generation (DG), High quality power, intentional islanding, three-wire dc distribution
AbstractMicrogrid is one of the new conceptual power systems for smooth installation of many distributed generations (DGs). While most of the microgrids adopt ac distribution as well as conventional power systems, dc microgrids are proposed and researched for the good connection with dc output type sources such as photovoltaic (PV) system, fuel cell, and secondary battery. Moreover, if loads in the system are supplied with dc power, the conversion losses from sources to loads are reduced compared with ac microgrid. As one of the dc microgrids, we propose “low-voltage bipolar-type dc microgrid,” which can supply super high quality power with three-wire dc distribution line. In this paper, one system for a residential complex is presented as an instance of the dc microgrid. In this system, each house has a cogeneration system (CGS) such as gas engine and fuel cell. The output electric power is shared among the houses, and the total power can be controlled by changing the running number of CGSs. Super capacitors are chosen as main energy storage. To confirm the fundamental characteristics and system operations, we experimented with a laboratory scale system. The results showed that the proposed system could supply high-quality power under several conditions.